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Writing References for your Research Paper | Research Voyage

Writing References for your Research Paper

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When you are writing a research paper, your opinions and ideas  certainly get attraction from other researchers who are doing research in the same domain.  If they want to  glean the source of  your references then your reference section plays critical role in guiding them to the origin of the references.  In the context of your work, the reader gets benefit of  the discovery of different ideas from different researchers, who have already explored the same domain.

Before Adding reference to your research paper

Whenever you read the material for your writing or research, be sure to include a complete description of the publication of any relevant text you read in the list of references you maintain for the research work you are carrying out.

These particulars should contain:

* Exact Title of the content {specifying as is the  capital letters, abbreviations, quotations if they are used in the Title} .

* Name, Surname (s) and Initials (s) of all the writer (s) without omitting any author details.

* If the paper is published in a journal then the  name, volume, year, page numbers of the  journal in which the article is published.

* If it is a  News Paper Document, the newspaper Title and the Volume number along with date

* If it is a Chapter of  Book, then  the Title of the chapter, page numbers,  Editors and Publisher (s) of the book  along with the   year of publication

* If it is a  Book, then  the Title of the book,  Editors and Publisher (s) of the book  along with the edition and  year of publication.

Quoting sources in a research paper in Reference Section

In a research paper,  a Reference Section  is a brief reference to the source of published information that will provide sufficient data to allow readers to locate a copy of the source.   The format of the resources included in a reference depend on the format of the material (books, articles, electronic documents, etc.) mentioned.

1.IEEE Style: Book Chapters

Standard format for citation

[#] A. A. Author of Part, “Title of chapter or part,” in Title: Subtitle of book, Edition, Vol., A. Editor, Ed. Place of publication: Publisher, Year, pp. inclusive page numbers.

Example: Chapter in an edited book
[1] A. Harris  and M. Stellings, “Insights into the fruit quality assessment using machine learning” in  Sustainable Agriculture, Vol. 60, Agriculture in Information Technology, M.D.Caper, Ed. San Diego: Abc Press, 2018, pp. 130-170.

2. IEEE Style: Books

a. Authored work:

[#] A. A. Author, Title: Subtitle (in italics), Edition(if not the first), Vol.(if a multivolume work). Place of publication: Publisher, Year, page number(s) (if appropriate).


[5] U. J. Gary,., S. G. WhiteField, Agriculture Processes and Information Technology.San Francisco, United States, Morgan Kaufmann Publishers, 2018.

b. Scientific / Technical report
[15] K. E. Bose and C.M. Chan, “A new machine learning methodology for plant pathology”  Agriculture National Laboratory, , San Francisco, United States, Tech. Rep. 516-578-BB, 2018.

c. Patent / Standard
[16] K. Bennet and A. Rodrigues, “Machine learning based object identification method ” U. S. Patent  99,860,040,20 January14, 2018.

3. IEEE Style: Conference Papers


a. Conference Paper in Print Proceedings:

[#] A. Author of  Paper and B. Author of Paper, “Title of paper,” in Title of Published Proceedings: Proceedings of the Title of Conf.: Subtitle of conference, Month Date, Year, Location, A. Editor and B. Editor, Eds. Place of publication: Publisher, Year. pp. inclusive page numbers.

b. Conference Paper from the Internet:

[#] A. Author of  Paper and B. Author of Paper,  “Title of paper,” in Proceedings of the Title of Conf.: Subtitle of conference, Month Date, Year, Location[Format]. Place of publication: Publisher, Year. Available: Database Name (if appropriate), internet address. [Accessed: date of access].

c. Conference Proceedings:

[#] A. Editor and B. Editor, Eds., Title of Conf.: Subtitle of conference, Month Date, Year, Location (optional). Place of publication: Name of  Publisher, Year.


Conference Paper in Print Proceedings
[1] M. Vijay and K. San, “Machine Learning approach to Liver Cancer Treatment” in Machine Learning Methods in Medicine: Proc.of the 5th Int. Conf. on  Machine Learning Methods in Medicine, ICMLM 2017, Seattle, WA, USA, November 8-12, 2017, J. Hanos, W. Bremen, M. Donald, Eds. Berlin: Springer, 2017. pp. 105-17.

Conference Paper from the Internet
[3] J. John, “Machine learning approach to Fruit Qualaity analysis” in Proc. of the 2017 1st Int. Conf. on  Adavances in Information Technology, AIT 2017, 19-21 April 2017, Kathmandu, Nepal [Online]. Available: IEEE Xplore, http://www.ieee.org. [Accessed: 10 Jan. 2018].

Conference Proceedings 
[5] K. M. Folley and M. S. Adams, Eds., Machine learning in Medical Science Technology:Conf. on Medical science and Information Technology, Jan 20-22, 2017, New  Delhi, India: NewAge Academic, 2017.

4. IEEE Style: Internet Documents

Standard format for citation

[#] A. Author, “Document title,” Webpage name, Source/production information, Date of internet publication. [Format]. Available: internet address. [Accessed: Date of access].


[1] “Impact of FATCA on client on boarding”, 2017. [Online]. Available: https://www.infosys.com/industries/financial-services/white-papers/Documents/impact-fatca.pdf  [Accessed: Mar. 24, 2018].

[2] Vijay S Rajpurohit, “How to write Results Section of your Research Paper”,  March 23, 2018. [Online]. Available: http://www.researchvoyage.com/how-to-write-results-section-of-your-research-paper/. [Accessed: March 25, 2018].

5. IEEE Style: Journal Articles

Standard format for citation

[#] A. A. Author of article. “Title of article,” Title of Journal, vol. #, no. #, pp. page number/s, Month year.


Journal articles

[2] K.S. Edwin, ” Pomegranate Image Analytics: An anlyst Perspective ” IEEE Trans. Data Analytics, vol. 11, pp. 31-43, Feb. 2018.

6. IEEE Style: E-journals

Standard format for citation

[#] A. Author, “Title of Article,” Title of Journal, vol., no., p. page numbers, month year. [Format]. Available: Database Name (if appropriate), internet address. [Accessed: date of access].


[1] H. Avardo and A. Narian, ” Pomegranate Fruit Image  Segmentation Using  Bayesian Computation,” IEEE Transactions on Image Processing, vol. 11, no. 8, pp. 265-77, 2018. [Online]. Available: IEEE Xplore, http://www.ieee.org. [Accessed Jan. 10, 2018].




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  • Satish Subhash Hukkeri

    Very informative and quintessential guidance to budding researchers.

    Appreciate your good work Prof. Rajpurohit. Keep it coming.

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