Art of writing Conclusion to your Research Paper

In Research Paper writing, a well-prepared conclusion can offer the last remark on the the significance of paper, result analysis and  future research directions. The conclusion is  often considered as the most difficult part of the research paper writing  for the interpretation of paper objectives. Many a times you as an author you may feel that all discussion has been already covered in the discussion section and nothing more to write for conclusion section. Authors should keep in mind that conclusion is a summary of the entire work , can be easily remembered by the readers for future research directions in their best form & should be the best part of the research paper. A good conclusion will greatly increase the purpose of the paper and appeal to the reader. A conclusion must not be drawn from emotions in order to make the paper more appealing to the readers. The conclusion must be written in an interesting yet academic manner. Emotional praise is strictly prohibited, but a third person but a commentary on the domain of research  is acceptable.

The specific length of the conclusion section of a  research paper may be different. Generally, the conclusion length depends on the standard extent of the paper. A research paper that is very long,  may require a conclusion that is extended to one or two pages. The conclusion to research paper that is written for a conference or a journal may need only one or two paragraphs.

Essential Features of a Conclusion  Section


Good conclusions that explain the objectives  and results of the research work are always precise. Summarize the research paper and provide a brief description of all the results analysis. With this in mind, the tone of the conclusion should match that of the results and analysis. Not at all try to add in new thoughts and do not come across for too much element whilst script a conclusion.

A help for the Reader’s Memory

The conclusion of a research paper should be captivating and strong enough to attract readers’ attention. Anyone who follows the conclusion has already read the entire paper. Therefore, its conclusion must be strong enough to help readers’ recall the things which was described in detail in the paper.

Summary of  the Results

Your conclusion should not at all be autonomous, but must have a straight association with the results of your  research paper. Link the final comments with the results of your paper.  Briefly highlight the significance of the results and its association with the objectives set at the beginning of the paper.

Comparisons with Other Methods

Conclusion should  bring into light  the strengths and weakness of the proposed method with the state of the art methods.

Thoughts on Unexpected  Outcomes

You may come across the results which you might have not anticipated. You can share your thoughts on such results and briefly discuss the reasons for such outcomes.


When texting a conclusion for your research effort, it is moreover important to highlight the shortcomings you have faced in conducting your research. These shortcomings can occur in your methods. However, regardless of the reasons, it is a fact that the deficiencies always influence the result analysis. Therefore, specify the shortcomings in the conclusion to make your paper more attractive to new researchers. They will surely be attracted by learning from their shortcomings to perfect their methodology and their findings.

Suggestions for Future Work

It is also essential to attach suggestions for the conclusion. These tips will  help in the  future work of the researchers in your domain of study.

A simple checklist to write a conclusion

  •  Are the objectives of the research paper recollected and addressed ?


  •  Have you conveyed the  importance and  the purpose of the paper  (in terms of the social change) to the  reader?


  •  Have  you avoided presenting new information ?


  • Have you summarized the results presented in charts and Tables?


  •  Have you compared the results with state of the art methods?


  • Have you visualized the unexpected outcomes in a new way ?


  • Have you suggested future directions to the budding researchers?


  • Have you avoided any emotional appeals are made regarding the domains, softwares, hardwares associated with research ?


Example: Conclusion Section of one of My Research Papers:

“An Optimized Fuzzy Based Short Term Object Motion Prediction for Real-Life Robot Navigation Environment”

In a dynamic navigation system, a Robot with vision capabilities  has to avoid stationary and moving objects to reach the final destination. Short Term motion prediction for moving objects in such an environment is a challenging problem. This paper has proposed a simplified approach for predicting the future position of a moving object using Fuzzy Inference Rules derived from expert knowledge. Fuzzy based prediction is more flexible, can have more real-life parameters, comparable to the existing approaches. The results of the study indicate that the Fuzzy predictor algorithm with Mean of Maximum(MOM) defuzzification gives better performance when compared with other prediction techniques. This approach looks more promising for real-life applications like developing Robotic wheel chair for the old aged and disabled. The authors are in the process of further optimizing the rule base and improve the response time of the predictor. The proposed approach considers the Robot as temporarily stationary while capturing moving object position. Future work considers both Robot and objects in the state of motion while capturing object positions from Robot.


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