Every researcher has the ambition of getting the highest citation counts for his research paper. There are several ways one can achieve this using authentic means. The research paper title can play a crucial role in achieving this goal.
Research paper titles remain in the mind of a researcher even after he finishes reading your research paper. If the researcher feels the paper is interesting then the title enters the bibliography or on Mendeley’s account of the researcher. The researcher cites the same paper in his journals and thesis and indirectly helps the author to increase his paper citation counts.
The point is, whether your paper finds a place in his literature survey when the same researcher writes a paper and submits it to a reputed journal. For this to happen, remembering your name and something about the research paper title will both be crucial. Without these signals, your work will be untouched in other scholars’ bibliography or remains untouched among other papers on the Web.
But the sad part is, most of the researchers choose research paper titles for their research papers, journal articles, and chapters in books that are totally ambiguous and difficult to remember for a naïve researcher. In fact, many researchers believe that giving simple, easy-to-understand research paper titles is belittling themselves in the eyes of other reputed researchers. The hard truth is, the simpler your title, the easier it finds a place in the citation list and possibly increases your h-index value.
Types of Research Paper Titles
In fact, as an author, you will assign a Title to the research paper two times. These titles can be broadly categorized as
- Working Research Paper Title
- Final Research Paper Title
What is Working Research Paper Title?
The working research paper title is identified in the early part of the research and gives direction for the researcher and his supervisor to focus on a specific goal till complete results are obtained. This title will help the supervisor to keep track of the work carried out by the researcher and stop him from drifting away from the goal.
Step by Step Process for Writing Working Title for the Research Paper
Let’s say you’re conducting research on the impact of artificial intelligence on customer behavior in e-commerce websites. Here’s a step-by-step process for creating a working title:
- Understand the purpose of the research: The purpose of your research is to investigate how artificial intelligence influences customer behavior in the context of e-commerce websites.
- Identify the main topic: The main topic is the impact of artificial intelligence on customer behavior in e-commerce.
- Highlight the key variables or concepts: The key variables or concepts in your research are artificial intelligence and customer behavior in the e-commerce context.
- Consider the methodology or approach: You may mention the methodology or approach you are using, such as data analysis, experiments, or surveys, in the working title.
- Use concise and descriptive language: Craft a concise and descriptive title that captures the essence of your research. For example, “Analyzing the Influence of Artificial Intelligence on Customer Behavior in E-commerce: A Data-driven Study.”
- Focus on the main findings or contributions: If you have an idea of the expected findings, you can incorporate them into the title. For instance, “Unveiling Patterns of Customer Behavior in AI-powered E-commerce Websites: A Data-driven Analysis.”
- Seek feedback: Share your working title with your supervisor or peers in the computer science domain to gather feedback and suggestions for improvement.
Remember, the working title should provide a clear indication of your research focus and help you stay on track throughout your study. As you progress, you may refine or modify the working title to better reflect the direction and outcomes of your research.
Lets consider an example. Here I have given the abstract, Aim and objectives of the research paper.
Abstract: This research paper aims to explore the impact of artificial intelligence (AI) on customer behavior within the e-commerce industry. By analyzing customer interactions and transactional data on e-commerce platforms, we aim to understand how AI-driven technologies influence consumer decision-making processes, purchasing behavior, and overall user experience. Through data analysis techniques, this study aims to uncover patterns and insights that will contribute to a deeper understanding of the implications of AI integration in shaping customer behavior and inform e-commerce strategies.
Aim: The aim of this research is to investigate the influence of artificial intelligence on customer behavior in the e-commerce industry, providing valuable insights for businesses to optimize their strategies.
- Examine the impact of AI on customer decision-making processes in the e-commerce context.
- Analyze the effects of AI on customer purchasing behavior and identify potential changes in buying patterns.
- Assess the overall user experience and satisfaction resulting from AI integration in e-commerce websites.
- Uncover key customer behavior patterns that emerge from the implementation of AI-driven technologies.
Step by Step Process of writing working title:
|Step||Extracted Keywords and Concepts||Potential Title|
|1||Impact, artificial intelligence, customer behavior, e-commerce||“Understanding the Impact of AI on Customer Behavior in E-commerce”|
|2||AI impact, customer decision-making, e-commerce platforms||“Analyzing AI’s Influence on Customer Decision-Making in E-commerce”|
|3||Data analysis, AI integration||“Unveiling Customer Behavior Insights through AI Integration and Data Analysis in E-commerce”|
|4||Patterns, buying behavior, user experience||“Exploring Patterns in Customer Behavior and User Experience with AI in E-commerce”|
|5||“AI-Driven Transformation of Customer Behavior in E-commerce: Insights from Data Analysis”|
|6||“Optimizing E-commerce Strategies with AI: Uncovering Customer Behavior Patterns”|
|7||“AI in E-commerce: Analyzing Customer Behavior and User Experience for Business Optimization”|
Please note that this table represents the iterative process of refining the title based on the keywords and concepts extracted. Adjustments can be made to further refine the title according to your specific research focus and preferences.
What is Final Research Paper Title?
The final research paper title or article title is usually assigned at the time of submission of the paper to a specific conference or journal, based on the requirements and guidelines of the conference or journal.
The final research paper title is typically more focused and accurately captures the essence of what has been done in the study. This final title reflects the results of the research and serves as an effective summary of the study. The final title is often chosen to grab the attention of the reader and entice them to read the paper. A well-crafted final title can also improve the discoverability of the research by making it more visible to potential readers and researchers in the field.
In addition to accurately capturing the study, the final research paper title should also be concise and clear. A good title should be able to convey the main idea of the study in a few words. A concise and clear title is also easier for readers to remember and cite when referencing the research.
Overall, the final research paper title is an essential component of the research paper writing process. It serves as an effective summary of the research, grabs the attention of readers, and helps to improve the discoverability of the research in the scientific community.
Let’s go through the step-by-step process by providing a hypothetical title and mapping the refinements in the table:
Hypothetical Title: “AI in E-commerce: Analyzing Customer Behavior and User Experience for Business Optimization”
Step by step process for writing final research paper title:
|1||Understand the requirements and guidelines of the conference or journal||Conference requires a focus on cybersecurity; 10-word limit|
|2||Reflect on the study’s essence and results||Study focuses on AI-driven cybersecurity measures in e-commerce platforms|
|3||Craft a focused and attention-grabbing title||“Securing E-commerce: Leveraging AI for Enhanced Cybersecurity”|
|4||Ensure clarity and ease of understanding||“AI-driven Cybersecurity for Enhanced E-commerce Protection”|
|5||Check for memorability and citability||“AI-powered E-commerce Security: Safeguarding Customer Experience”|
|6||Review and finalize||“AI-powered E-commerce Security: Safeguarding Customer Experience”|
In this example, we have provided a hypothetical title and then mapped the refinements in each step:
- Step 1: We adjusted the requirement to focus on cybersecurity and reduced the word limit to 10.
- Step 2: We identified the essence of the study, which is AI-driven cybersecurity measures in e-commerce platforms.
- Step 3: The title was refined to highlight the importance of securing e-commerce platforms using AI.
- Step 4: The title was made clearer and more concise, emphasizing AI-driven cybersecurity for e-commerce protection.
- Step 5: The title was adjusted to be more memorable and citeable while focusing on AI-powered e-commerce security and customer experience.
- Step 6: The final title remained the same, as it aligned with the improvements made throughout the process.
Please note that this is a hypothetical example, and the actual refinements may vary depending on your research and the specific guidelines of the conference or journal you are submitting to.
One more example of a working research paper title :
” Improving User Experience in Mobile Applications using Augmented Reality”
Final Research Paper Title Can be:
- “Developing a Markerless Augmented Reality Framework for Enhancing Mobile App User Experience”
- “A Deep Learning-based Approach to Improving User Experience in Augmented Reality-enhanced Mobile Applications”
- “Improving Mobile App User Experience using Augmented Reality-based Interactive Virtual Objects”
- “Augmented Reality-enabled Mobile App Design for Improved User Experience in Navigation Applications”
- “A Comparative Study of Marker-based and Markerless Augmented Reality Techniques for Enhancing Mobile App User Experience”
- “Using Cloud-based Augmented Reality for Improving Mobile App User Experience: A Proof-of-Concept Study”
- “An Investigation into the Impact of Augmented Reality on Mobile App User Engagement in the Education Sector”
- “Designing an Augmented Reality-enabled Mobile App for Enhancing User Experience in Cultural Heritage Tourism”
- “Augmented Reality-based Personalization Techniques for Enhancing Mobile App User Experience in E-commerce Applications”
- “Improving User Experience in Mobile Gaming Applications using Augmented Reality and Motion Tracking”
These working research paper titles are more specific to particular areas and can help the researchers and their supervisors to focus their efforts and stay on track towards a specific research goal.
How Can I Make My Research Paper Title Easily Searchable?
1. Making it Discoverable By Area of Focus
Before assigning the title to the article, the following three key areas, which the researcher usually neglects need to be focused on. They are:
- Research Paper Title from Language Point of View
- SEO-based Research Paper Title
- Domain-specific Research Paper Title
i. Research Paper Title from Language Point of View
“Sorry to inform you, due to poor quality in the language of the manuscript, it could not be assessed completely hence, your paper is rejected”
This is the common one-liner, few researchers receive when they send their research articles to reputed journals. Even though a researcher has some important outcomes in the research it may be rejected either by editors or reviewers because of poor language used for writing the title and abstract.
Poor title writing skills hide the clarity of a researcher’s work. English is considered the lingua franca for publishing your work and getting publicity worldwide. Linguistic errors and plagiarized text are the major hindrances in getting the paper published on international platforms.
Poor research paper title write-up includes faulty construction of sentences, spelling errors, grammar, missing punctuation and unidiomatic expressions, which may take away the reviewer’s attention from the core work carried out by the researcher. In the worst-case scenario, poor English may force the reviewer to reject the paper at the outset without completely reading the content. If at all your paper somehow gets through publication, still it is less likely to be cited by the top researchers in view of its poor language.
The following points should be considered from a language point of view while assigning the research paper title.
- As a general guideline, try to keep your research paper title between 50-150 characters so that it can be easily remembered.
- Avoid redundant phrasing, such as, “A Study of,”, “An Analysis of”, “A Study to Investigate the…,” or “A Review of the….” or similar constructions.
- Capitalize all nouns, pronouns, verbs, adjectives, and adverbs that appear between the first and last words of the Title.[e.g.” Tips to Increase Your Research Paper Citations Through Effective Title Writing”].
- Do not use an exclamation mark at the end of the title.
- You can begin a title with a coordinating conjunction[i.e., and, but, or, nor, for, so, yet] if it is required. [e.g., “Yet Another Look at Addressing Pathological Issues Through Image Processing Lens”].
- Rarely use abbreviations or acronyms unless they are commonly known. [e.g. “Addressing HIV Issues Through Community Counselling” can be one of the Titles as HIV is an abbreviation well known. Whereas “Application of NN in Solving Pathological Issues in Pomegranate Plant” Here NN (Neural Network) is not known to many, which may lead to ambiguity]
- The title can take the form of a question or declarative statement.[ eg. “How Best Neural Networks are Suitable for Leaf Spot Disease Identification?”].
- Investigating the Relationship Between Social Media Use and Mental Health in Adolescents
- An Empirical Analysis of Factors Affecting Consumer Trust in E-commerce Transactions
- The Impact of Artificial Intelligence on Financial Markets: A Review of Recent Literature
- Examining the Effects of Mindfulness Meditation on Job Satisfaction and Burnout in Healthcare Workers
- Assessing the Efficacy of Online Learning Platforms for Improving Student Performance in Higher Education
ii. SEO-Based Research Paper Title
As a researcher, it is not only important to publish your work but you should also get good visibility of your paper on the heavily crowded web. Search Engine Optimization (SEO) is the process of trying to improve a web page’s search engine rankings. Google, Bing and other search engines prioritize content that it sees as valuable, good quality, and relevant – and display such content higher up on search rankings.
Search engines use page ranking algorithms for ranking content, including research articles. Web spiders are sent by search engines to crawl all accessible content online, trying to identify what the piece is about. The reputation of the site where your article is posted and the reputation of the sites which link to your article matters a lot. How it actually matters to a researcher? Let me elaborate on that in the next paragraph.
Well, the higher the ranking of your article, the more researchers will find it easily on the web, comprehend and finally cite your research paper. Remember, your research work will be found in the title and abstract only, with the title carrying more weight. Moreover, Title and Abstract are the only visible indicators to the researchers about your work.
There are several simple ways you can optimize your article Title for search engine rankings – here are just a few…
- Before writing your Title you should select the keywords for your article.
- For Google and many other search engines, the Title is the most important part of your article. Therefore, it is vital to include your most important keywords in your Title.
- Place your keywords within the first 65 characters of your Title.
- Usually, the search engines will display only the first few words of the title during the search. Front-load your most important keywords so that the readers who are searching related articles will see those keywords even if they don’t see the full Title.
- When creating your research title, ensure that the words frequently searched upon by the general public are in the Title.
- Think about the search terms that the readers are likely to use when looking for articles on the same topic as yours and help them by constructing your Title to include those terms.
Here are some examples of SEO-friendly research paper titles.
- Social Media Use and Mental Health in Adolescents: An Investigation
- A Comprehensive Empirical Analysis of Factors Influencing Consumer Trust in E-commerce Transactions
- Artificial Intelligence and Financial Markets: A Review of Recent Literature
- Mindfulness Meditation and Burnout in Healthcare Workers: An Evidence-Based Approach
- The Effectiveness of Online Learning Platforms in Higher Education: A Systematic Review
I have a blog post on Top 10 Rules to Identify Keywords for your Research Paper. Please go through the blog post to identify keywords for your research paper.
iii. Domain-Specific Research Paper Title
A researcher begins his research voyage by selecting the research domain – the area in which he intends to carry out his research. The research domain can be
i) simply the core technology domain such as cloud computing, big data analytics or image processing where the researcher intends to add or improve framework or algorithms for the domain itself
ii) Multi-disciplinary domains such as cloud computing in agriculture; image processing in health care or data analytics for E-Commerce etc.
The researcher may work in specific subdomains such as pathology in agriculture, PAAS architecture in the cloud, liver cancer in health care etc. While selecting the title of the research paper, the domains and subdomains of the research paper should be clearly part of the title as it makes things more clear for a researcher about the topic of a research paper. It also increases the visibility of the paper across multi-disciplinary domains. This can also increase the citations of the paper.
The following points should be considered from the research domain point of view while assigning the research paper title
- Titles should describe what the research is about – they should give the reader a clear idea as to what the paper is about.
- The initial aim of a title is to capture the reader’s attention and to highlight the research problem under investigation.
- Use your thesis or hypothesis as the basis for your Title. Turn your conclusions into a definitive statement that captures the main idea of your paper and use that as your Title.
- Ensure that your Title includes keywords and terms which are commonly used within your research discipline.[e.g. “Neural Network-based Grape Leaf Image Analysis”]
- Make a list of the questions that your paper answers. If your topic is well-defined, it may be a short list, but the list may help you narrow down a Title for your paper by focusing your efforts.
- Include a quotation from the work that supports your thesis, if you are writing a literature or literary analysis paper.
- If your paper is not on a literary topic, add research quotations that relate to the subject and create a Title using the quotation followed by a subtitle that details the subject of your paper. [e.g. “Connecting the Dots”: Distributed Computing to Cloud Computing”]
- Define the tone of your paper with your Title. If your paper is a serious and conventional academic study, do not write a casual or fun Title containing flowery language or a play on words.
Here are some examples of domain-specific research paper titles:
- Exploring the Relationship Between Social Media Use and Adolescent Depression: A Clinical Psychology Perspective
- Investigating the Role of Trust in Consumer Behavior on E-commerce Websites: An Information Systems Approach
- A Machine Learning-based Analysis of the Impact of Artificial Intelligence on the Stock Market
- Mindfulness Meditation as a Tool for Preventing Burnout in Healthcare Workers: A Nursing Perspective
- A Comparative Study of the Effectiveness of Online Learning Platforms for STEM and Non-STEM Disciplines in Higher Education
2. Making it Discoverable by Conference Theme
While assigning the research paper title, please check to which conference or journal you are submitting the paper. As per the theme of the conference or the title of the journal modify the research paper title accordingly.
As I have seen many journals or conference reviewers will be asked to check how best the research paper matches the theme or the title of the conference or journal. As the research paper title will remain in the mind of the reviewer for a longest time than any other section, the author should consider this point also and tweak the title as per the theme.
For example, The author is working on the identification of bacterial disease on a leaf and its stage using Fuzzy logic, Evolutionary programming, and machine learning algorithms and comparing their results.
If the theme is on soft computing then the Title can be
“Leaf image analysis for pathological issues using Soft Computing techniques”
If the conference theme is on Advances in Computation techniques then the Title can be
“Advances in computing techniques for identification and analysis of bacterial blight disease in pomegranate plant”
If the theme is on image processing then
“Application of soft computing techniques for diseased leaf spot identification and analysis using image processing”
If the theme is on plant pathology and computer science then
“Identification and analysis of bacterial blight disease in pomegranate plants using soft computing techniques”
3. Making it Discoverable by Research Paper Subtitle
A research subtitle is an optional addition to the research paper title that provides further clarification, specificity, or context to the main title. It serves to expand upon the main title by offering additional information about the research focus, methodology, specific aspects studied, or relevant details.
When deciding whether to include a research subtitle, several factors should be considered:
- Clarity and specificity: If the main title effectively conveys the essence of the research and captures the reader’s attention, a subtitle may not be necessary. However, if there are specific aspects or nuances of the research that could benefit from further explanation, a subtitle can provide valuable context.
- Length limitations: It’s important to review any guidelines or requirements provided by the conference or journal to determine if there are restrictions on the total length of the title and subtitle combined. Ensure that the inclusion of a subtitle does not exceed any prescribed length limitations.
- Relevance and impact: Evaluate whether a subtitle adds meaningful value to the overall title. It should provide relevant information that enhances the reader’s understanding of the research without being redundant or overly verbose.
When writing a research subtitle, consider the following guidelines:
- Conciseness: Keep the subtitle brief and succinct. It should provide additional information without being too lengthy or complex.
- Clarity: Ensure that the subtitle complements and expands upon the main title. It should offer further insight into the research focus, scope, methodology, or other relevant aspects.
- Coherence: The subtitle should be cohesive with the main title, creating a unified and coherent message. It should not contradict or confuse the overall purpose and direction of the research.
The decision to include a research subtitle ultimately depends on the specific requirements, guidelines, and circumstances of the research paper, conference, or journal. While it can provide valuable context and specificity, it is not always necessary. Evaluate the relevance and impact of a subtitle in relation to the main title and the target audience of the research paper.
- “Advancements in Renewable Energy Technologies: A Comparative Study of Solar and Wind Power Generation Efficiency”
- “Exploring the Impact of Social Media on Political Discourse: An Analysis of Twitter Conversations during Election Campaigns”
- “The Role of Artificial Intelligence in Cybersecurity: Detecting and Mitigating Advanced Persistent Threats using AI-Based Solutions”
Benefits of Adding Subtitles to Research Paper
Adding a subtitle to your research paper title can potentially increase its discoverability. A well-crafted subtitle can provide more specific information about your research, making it easier for readers and researchers to find your paper when searching within a particular domain or topic.
Here’s how a subtitle can contribute to the discoverability of your research:
- Enhanced search engine optimization (SEO): Including relevant keywords or phrases in the subtitle can improve the visibility of your paper in search engine results. This helps researchers find your work when conducting keyword-based searches.
- Targeted audience identification: A subtitle that clearly specifies the research focus, methodology, or domain can attract the attention of readers interested in that particular area. This helps your paper reach its intended audience and increases the likelihood of it being cited or referenced by researchers in the field.
- Increased context and clarity: By providing additional context or specifying the scope of your research in the subtitle, you make it easier for readers to understand the purpose and relevance of your study. This clarity can make your paper more appealing to researchers seeking specific information or insights.
- Improved cross-referencing: Subtitles can assist in cross-referencing within the academic community. Other researchers looking for related studies or building upon your work may use your subtitle as a reference point, connecting your research with theirs.
However, it’s important to strike a balance between a concise, focused subtitle and an excessively long one. A subtitle that is too lengthy or convoluted may hinder discoverability and reader engagement. Ensure that your subtitle adds value and clarity without overwhelming the main title.
Usually after writing the title the next step is to write an abstract and keywords for your research paper. I have written articles on
Please visit the articles to increase the chances of publishing your research paper in reputed journals.
Crafting a research paper title involves a step-by-step process that considers the requirements, essence of the study, attention-grabbing elements, clarity, memorability, and adherence to guidelines. The final title should accurately capture the essence of the research, be concise, clear, and engage readers. It serves as an effective summary, grabs attention, and improves the discoverability of the research within the scientific community.
Assigning the final research paper title requires careful attention to several key areas that are often overlooked by researchers.
By considering these key areas of focus and incorporating the necessary elements into the research paper title, researchers can improve the overall quality, visibility, and impact of their work. It is important to adhere to the guidelines and requirements set by the conference or journal while ensuring clarity, conciseness, and relevance in the final title.
Seeking feedback and reviewing the title before submission ensures its effectiveness and alignment with the conference or journal requirements. By following this process, researchers can create a well-crafted final title that effectively represents their research and contributes to its impact and visibility in the field.
Frequently Asked Questions
How long should be Research Paper Title?
Here is a quantitative breakdown of the research paper title length:
Word Count: Research paper titles should typically range between 8 to 12 words. This guideline ensures that the title is concise, focused, and able to convey the main idea effectively.
Character Count: The recommended character count for research paper titles is around 50 to 120 characters. This range includes spaces and allows for a title that is neither too short nor excessively long.
Can I use abbreviations in the title of a research paper?
The use of abbreviations in the title of a research paper should be done sparingly and with caution. While it is generally advisable to avoid excessive abbreviations in the title, there are instances where well-known and widely recognized abbreviations can be used effectively.
Can I use the Research Paper title as one of the subheadings in my research paper?
Including the research paper title as a subheading within the body of your research paper is generally not necessary or recommended. The research paper title is typically displayed prominently on the cover page and at the beginning of the paper, serving as an identifier for the entire document.
Instead of using the research paper title as a subheading, it is more common and appropriate to use subheadings that reflect the specific sections or topics discussed within the paper. Subheadings help to organize the content and guide the reader through the different sections of the research paper.
Can I use the same research Paper Title which is already used by someone for his paper?
No, it is not advisable to use the exact same research paper title that has already been used by someone else for their paper. Each research paper should have a unique and distinct title to avoid confusion and maintain academic integrity.
Using the same title as another paper can lead to misunderstandings and may imply that the content of your paper is identical or closely related to the previously published work. This can be misleading to readers, reviewers, and the academic community at large.
Is it possible to change Research Paper Title once the paper gets published in Journal?
In general, it is not possible to change the research paper title once it has been published in a journal. Once a paper goes through the peer review process, is accepted, and is published, the title becomes a permanent part of the published work. It is used for indexing, citation purposes, and for readers to identify and reference the paper.
Changing the title after publication can create confusion and may affect the consistency and integrity of the scholarly record. Moreover, it can cause difficulties in retrieving and citing the paper accurately.
However, if you have identified a critical error or an issue with the title that significantly impacts the understanding or interpretation of the research, you may contact the journal editor or publisher to discuss the situation. They can provide guidance on the best course of action, which may involve issuing a correction or an addendum to address the specific concern without changing the original title.
It’s important to note that any changes to the published title would require careful consideration and be subject to the policies and procedures of the journal.
Is it possible to have Research Paper Title and PhD Title the same?
It is possible for the research paper title and the title of a PhD thesis to be the same, although it is not a requirement. The title of a research paper typically reflects the specific focus and findings of that particular study. On the other hand, the title of a PhD thesis represents the overarching research project conducted by a doctoral candidate.
I have published a research paper in a conference. Now I am extending and publishing my work in Journal. Shall I have to change the Title of the Research Paper?
When extending and publishing your work from a conference paper to a journal article, it is generally recommended to revise and update the title to reflect the expanded scope and depth of the research. While it is not always mandatory to change the title, doing so can provide clarity and avoid confusion for readers who may come across both versions of your work.
What is the difference between Research Paper Title and Running Title?
The research paper title and the running title serve different purposes in a scholarly publication:
Research Paper Title: The research paper title, also known as the article title, is the main title that appears at the beginning of the paper. It represents the central focus and topic of the research. The research paper title should be informative, concise, and accurately convey the essence of the study. It is typically placed at the top of the first page and is used for indexing, citation, and identification purposes.
Running Title (or Running Head): The running title is a shortened version of the main title that appears at the top of each page in a journal article. It is used to provide quick reference and identification of the paper’s content. The running title is usually shorter than the research paper title and is often limited to a few words or a short phrase. It helps readers to easily identify the paper while flipping through the pages or when referring to specific sections.
can I write all alphabets in the research paper title in capital letters (All Caps)?
Yes, it is generally acceptable to write the entire research paper title in capital letters, also known as uppercase or “all caps.” However, it is important to note that using all capital letters for the entire title is a stylistic choice and should be applied after taking consent from the journal in which you wish to publish.
Whether brackets / special characters are allowed in research paper Title
In general, it is advisable to avoid using brackets or special characters in the research paper title unless they are essential for clarity or part of a commonly recognized abbreviation or acronym. The primary goal of a research paper title is to accurately and succinctly convey the main idea of the study.