Before Publishing Your Research Paper in National Conference…..

Research paper in National Conference

Publishing research papers is a crucial aspect of the academic journey, allowing researchers to disseminate their findings, contribute to the knowledge base of their field, and establish their expertise. While there are various publication avenues available, including international conferences and peer-reviewed journals, national conferences have long been a popular choice for researchers to present their work. However, it is essential to critically examine the pros and cons of publishing in national conferences before deciding on this particular avenue for your research.

In this blog post, we will explore the considerations surrounding the publication of research papers at national conferences. We will delve into the advantages these conferences offer, such as the opportunity to showcase research to a local audience, receive immediate feedback within the immediate research community, and align with specific themes or topics. However, we will also shed light on the limitations associated with national conferences, including their restricted scope, lack of international exposure, absence of impact factor, varying quality and adherence to standards, limited networking opportunities, and potential impact on career advancement.

Furthermore, we will delve into the weaknesses of the review process in national conferences. We will discuss the potential lack of thoroughness, limited diversity of reviewers, inconsistencies in review standards, and the impact of these weaknesses on research credibility.

Ultimately, this blog post aims to provide you with a comprehensive understanding of the considerations and potential drawbacks of publishing research papers in national conferences. By critically evaluating these aspects, you will be equipped with the knowledge needed to make informed decisions about the most suitable publication avenue for your research, aligning with your goals, maximizing visibility, and ensuring the credibility and impact of your work.

Join us as we delve into the advantages, limitations, and review process of national conferences, and explore the alternatives that might better serve your research goals and aspirations. Let’s embark on this journey together and shed light on the significance of making informed decisions in the realm of research publication.


Publishing research papers is a fundamental aspect of academic and scientific progress. It allows researchers to share their findings, contributes to the existing body of knowledge, and stimulate further research in their respective fields. Through publication, researchers can establish their expertise, enhance their professional reputation, and make an impact in their discipline. The dissemination of research findings also facilitates collaboration, encourages critical evaluation, and promotes advancements in various domains.

In this blog post, we will specifically focus on the considerations researchers should keep in mind when deciding whether to publish their research papers in national conferences. While national conferences can offer certain advantages, it’s important to evaluate the potential limitations and weigh them against other publication options, such as international conferences or journals. By examining the unique characteristics and review process of national conferences, researchers can make informed decisions about where to publish their work, ensuring optimal visibility, impact, and career advancement.

Let’s consider a scenario where a researcher in the field of environmental science has conducted a study on the impact of climate change on coastal ecosystems. They have obtained compelling results and are now faced with the decision of where to publish their research. This blog post will guide them through the considerations specific to national conferences, helping them navigate the publishing landscape and make an informed choice about the most suitable platform for their research.

Advantages of National Conferences

A. Opportunity to Showcase Research to a Local Audience

National conferences provide researchers with a platform to present their work to a local audience comprising fellow researchers, professionals, and policymakers from their own country. This can be particularly valuable when the research addresses specific local issues or is relevant to the country’s context. Presenting at a national conference allows researchers to engage with individuals who have a deep understanding of the local challenges and can provide insightful feedback and perspectives.

Example: For instance, imagine a researcher in the field of public health who has conducted a study on the prevalence of a specific disease in a particular region of their country. By presenting their findings at a national conference, they can directly engage with healthcare practitioners, policymakers, and researchers who have a vested interest in combating that disease within the country. This exposure to a local audience increases the chances of meaningful discussions, collaborations, and potential real-world applications of the research.

B. Feedback and Networking within the Immediate Research Community

National conferences offer researchers the opportunity to receive feedback on their work from their immediate research community. Attendees often include experts and peers who are familiar with the specific challenges, methodologies, and advancements in the researcher’s field within the country. This feedback can be valuable in refining the research and gaining new insights.

Example: Consider a researcher in the field of artificial intelligence who has developed a new algorithm for image recognition. By presenting their work at a national conference, they can receive feedback from other experts in the field who are actively working on similar problems within the country. This feedback can help identify potential improvements, suggest alternative approaches, or even lead to collaborations for further research and development.

C. Alignment with Specific Themes or Topics

National conferences often focus on specific themes or topics that are relevant to the country’s priorities or research trends. This alignment provides researchers with a targeted audience who are specifically interested in those areas, increasing the likelihood of impactful discussions and potential collaborations.

Example: Let’s say a researcher is working in the field of renewable energy and has conducted a study on the feasibility of implementing solar energy systems in rural areas of their country. By presenting their research at a national conference on renewable energy or sustainable development, they can connect with policymakers, industry professionals, and fellow researchers who are actively engaged in similar initiatives within the country. This alignment with the conference theme ensures that the research resonates with the audience and facilitates meaningful exchanges and potential partnerships.

By leveraging these advantages, researchers can effectively showcase their work, receive valuable feedback, and establish connections within their immediate research community at national conferences. These advantages highlight the importance of considering the specific context and relevance of the research when deciding where to publish.

Limitations of National Conferences

A. Limited Scope and Diversity of Perspectives

National conferences generally have a narrower scope compared to international conferences, focusing primarily on a specific region or discipline within a country. As a result, the diversity of perspectives and approaches presented at national conferences may be limited, potentially limiting the breadth of feedback and insights that researchers can receive.

Example: Suppose a researcher in the field of sociology has conducted a study on the impact of urbanization on social inequalities. If they choose to publish their work in a national conference, they might miss out on the opportunity to receive feedback from international scholars who could offer alternative perspectives or insights based on their experiences with different urban contexts.

B. Restricted International Exposure

National conferences typically have a smaller international audience compared to international conferences or journals. This limited exposure can hinder researchers from reaching a broader global audience and potentially restrict opportunities for collaboration and engagement with researchers from different countries.

Example: Consider a researcher in the field of computer science who has developed a novel algorithm for data encryption. If they decide to publish their work exclusively in a national conference, they might miss out on the chance to showcase their research to a global audience of experts, potentially limiting the visibility of their work and the possibility of collaborating with international counterparts.

C. Lack of Impact Factor and Potential Impact on Research Visibility

Unlike many international journals, national conferences often do not have assigned impact factors. Impact factors reflect the average number of citations received by articles published in a journal and serve as a measure of the journal’s influence. By publishing in a national conference without an impact factor, the visibility and impact of the research may be limited.

Example: Suppose a researcher in the field of medicine has conducted a clinical study on a novel treatment for a specific disease. If they choose to publish their findings in a national conference without an impact factor, the research may not receive the same level of recognition and attention from the global medical community as it would have if published in an internationally recognized journal with a high impact factor.

D. Variable Quality and Adherence to Standards

The quality and rigour of national conferences can vary significantly. Some national conferences may not have a stringent peer-review process or may not adhere to internationally recognized standards for research publication. This variability can impact the overall credibility and reliability associated with publishing at such conferences.

Example: Let’s say a researcher in the field of environmental science wants to publish a study on the impact of pollution on marine ecosystems. If they choose a national conference without carefully assessing its quality and review process, there is a risk of compromising the research’s credibility if the conference lacks rigorous peer review or does not follow accepted research standards.

Visit my article on “Avoiding Predatory conferences”. This article will help you in avoiding low standard conferences.

E. Limited Networking Opportunities Compared to International Conferences

National conferences may not attract as many researchers from outside the immediate research community or country. This limited international participation can restrict networking opportunities and limit the potential for collaborations and knowledge exchange with researchers from diverse backgrounds.

Example: Imagine a researcher in the field of psychology who has conducted a study on cross-cultural differences in perception. If they present their research at a national conference, they might miss out on the chance to engage with international scholars who could provide valuable insights and perspectives on the topic, potentially hindering the development of a more comprehensive understanding of cross-cultural differences.

F. Potential Impact on Career Advancement

While publishing in a national conference can contribute to a researcher’s portfolio, it may not carry the same weight in terms of career advancement compared to publishing in reputable international conferences or journals. International publications are often highly regarded and valued by employers, funding agencies, and academic institutions, and may have a stronger impact on career progression.

Example: Let’s consider a researcher in the field of biology who is seeking a faculty position at a prestigious university. During the hiring process, the selection committee will likely place more emphasis on candidates who have published their research in internationally recognized journals or have presented at renowned international conferences. Publishing primarily in national conferences might not have the same impact on the candidate’s competitiveness for such positions, potentially limiting their career advancement opportunities.

Including high-impact international publications in their portfolio demonstrates the researcher’s ability to conduct research at a global level, increases their visibility within the academic community, and enhances their credibility as a researcher. This can significantly contribute to their career advancement prospects, securing funding opportunities, and attracting collaborations with leading researchers in their field.

Review Process in National Conferences

National conferences typically employ a review process to assess the quality and suitability of submitted research papers. This process involves peer reviewers who evaluate the papers based on criteria such as originality, methodology, significance of findings, and clarity of presentation. However, the review process in national conferences is not without its weaknesses.

It’s important to recognize that the review rigour and standards in national conferences may not always match those of international conferences or high-impact journals. Due to various factors such as limited resources, time constraints, or less experienced reviewers, the review process in national conferences may suffer from certain weaknesses.

Weaknesses of the review process in national conferences include:

  1. Lack of thoroughness: The review process in national conferences may not always involve a rigorous and comprehensive evaluation of the research papers. Reviewers might not have sufficient time or expertise to thoroughly assess the methodology, data analysis, or interpretation of the findings, potentially leading to oversights or inadequate feedback.
  2. Limited diversity of reviewers: National conferences may struggle to gather a diverse panel of reviewers with expertise in different subfields or interdisciplinary areas. As a result, the feedback and evaluation provided may not encompass a wide range of perspectives, potentially overlooking critical aspects or alternative interpretations.
  3. Inconsistency in review standards: The review process in national conferences may exhibit variations in adherence to established review standards. Different reviewers might apply different criteria or have varying expectations, resulting in inconsistencies in the evaluation process and potential bias in the selection of accepted papers.
  4. Lack of transparency: Some national conferences may lack transparency in their review process. Researchers may not receive detailed feedback or know the identity of the reviewers, making it difficult to understand the rationale behind acceptance or rejection decisions. This lack of transparency can hinder the researchers’ ability to improve their work or address concerns raised during the review process.
  5. Limited resources for reviewer training: National conferences, especially smaller ones, may face limitations in providing proper training and guidance to reviewers. This can lead to inconsistencies in review quality, as reviewers may not have access to adequate resources or support to effectively evaluate the submitted papers.

Example: Imagine a researcher submitting a paper on a novel computational model for cancer prognosis to a national conference on medical informatics. The review process for this conference involves a single round of review by two reviewers. However, due to limited resources and time constraints, the reviewers may not be experts in the specific area of cancer prognosis or have sufficient time to thoroughly evaluate the technical aspects of the model. As a result, the feedback provided might be insufficient or miss important considerations, potentially leading to a less comprehensive review process.

It is important for researchers to be aware of these weaknesses in the review process of national conferences. By acknowledging these limitations, researchers can make informed decisions about where to publish their work, considering the potential impact on the rigour, visibility, and credibility of their research.

Whether Papers Published in National Conferences Counted for the Award of PhD?

In many cases, national conference papers may not be counted towards the award of a PhD degree. The primary reason for this is that national conferences generally have lower standards of review and may not undergo the same level of rigorous scrutiny as peer-reviewed journals.

For a PhD degree, universities often prioritize publications in reputable peer-reviewed journals as they typically have a higher level of scrutiny, ensure the quality and validity of the research, and are recognized as more credible sources within the academic community.

While national conference papers can still be valuable for researchers in terms of sharing their work and receiving feedback, they may not carry the same weight or be considered equivalent to journal publications when it comes to the requirements for a PhD degree.

It’s important to clarify the specific guidelines and expectations of your institution and academic program regarding the publication requirements for a PhD. This will ensure that you understand the criteria and can focus your efforts accordingly on meeting the necessary publication standards.

Evaluating Publication Options

A. Considering the Goals and Implications of your Research

Before deciding to publish in a national conference, it is important to consider the goals and implications of your research. Determine whether the research findings would benefit from a local or regional audience or if they have broader implications that would be better served by an international or high-impact publication.

Example: If your research focuses on a specific local issue, such as a study on the impact of a government policy on a specific community, publishing in a national conference may be more appropriate as it allows you to reach relevant stakeholders and policymakers directly.

B. Assessing the Quality and Reputation of National Conferences

Evaluate the quality and reputation of the national conferences you are considering for publication. Look for conferences that have a strong track record, attract reputable researchers, and have a history of rigorous review processes.

Example: Suppose you are conducting research in the field of environmental science. Look for national conferences that are well-known in the field, have a history of publishing high-quality research, and are recognized as reputable platforms for discussing environmental issues.

C. Examining the Review Process and its Impact on Research Credibility

Carefully examine the review process employed by national conferences. Consider factors such as the qualifications of the reviewers, the clarity of the review criteria, and the rigour of the review process. A thorough review process ensures the credibility and quality of the published research.

Example: If you are submitting a research paper on a groundbreaking scientific discovery, it is crucial to ensure that the national conference you choose has a rigorous review process with experts in your specific field who can provide insightful feedback and validate the importance of your research.

D. Weighing the Advantages and Disadvantages of Publishing Nationally

Consider the advantages and disadvantages of publishing at a national conference compared to other publication options. Assess factors such as the visibility of the conference, potential networking opportunities, the impact on your career, and the level of recognition and dissemination that your research will receive.

Example: Publishing at a national conference may be advantageous if you want to establish connections with researchers in your country, receive feedback from a local research community, or showcase your work to policymakers who attend the conference. However, if your research has broader implications and requires international recognition, publishing in an international conference or a high-impact journal may be more beneficial.

By considering these factors and examples, you can make an informed decision about the most suitable publication option for your research. It’s important to align your goals, the quality of the conference, the review process, and the potential impact on your research visibility and career advancement.


In conclusion, while national conferences can offer certain advantages for researchers, it is essential to carefully evaluate the considerations before deciding to publish research papers in such conferences. Understanding the goals and implications of your research, assessing the quality and reputation of national conferences, examining the review process, and weighing the advantages and disadvantages are crucial steps in this evaluation process.

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Dr. Vijay Rajpurohit
Author: Dr. Vijay Rajpurohit
Dr. Vijay Rajpurohit is a researcher in Computer Science. He loves to educate researchers and research scholars on Research Paper Writing, Thesis Writing, Research Grants, Patenting Research Work and the latest Research-related issues. You can reach him @ [email protected]