Writing an effective Research Paper

Research publications are very essential for a researcher to publicize his/her work and get noticed in the research community. Journals and the conferences are the medium through which publications can be made available to the world.

Research Journals began their journey way back in 1665 (first model of the modern  journal, Le Journal des Sçavans, published in France in 1665, followed by Philosophical Transactions, published by the Royal Society in London later that year). The number of active scholarly journal titles has increased steadily.  There are  roughly  around  more than 30,000 titles currently active.

Ulrich is the authoritative source of bibliographic and publisher information on more than 300,00 periodicals of all types academic and scholarly journals, Open Access publications, peer-reviewed titles, popular magazines, newspapers, newsletters and more from around the world. It covers all subjects, and includes publications that are published regularly or irregularly and that are circulated free of charge or by paid subscription.

According to research from the University of Ottawa, the total number of science papers published since 1665 is around 75 million  by 2017, and approximately 2.5 million new scientific papers are published each year.

Research paper is a write up of the research  findings,   out of the research carried out  by a researcher or a group of researchers in a specific domain of interest. Research papers are all about organizing ideas in a linear, understandable format to the research community who are working in  the same domain of interest. A research paper has the following template  or skeleton which one needs to follow while writing a research paper.

Template of a Research Paper

  • Paper Title
  • Author Details like  Author Name, Affiliation and Email ID
  • Abstract (Maximum 200 words)
  • Keywords (Minimum Three, Maximum Five)
  • Introduction
  • Literature Review
  • Problem Definition
  • Methodology / Approach
  • Results & Discussion
  • Conclusion
  • Future Scope
  • Acknowledgment
  • References
  • Short Profile of Each Author(s) with  Photo(s)
  • Paper Title : Title must be clear and specific. It should be easily understandable by the target audience  and should reflect the main  objective  of the research paper. Moreover it should not be a sentence.
  • Author Details like Author Name, Affiliation and Email Id: Author First name and Last name are sufficient.  Salutations like Dr / Mr / Prof etc are highly discouraged. Provide  personal email id over  official as you may change your organizations during the course of your career.
  • Abstract: One paragraph containing minimum 100 words  up to 200 words. It is a summary of the paper describing the problem investigated, the methods applied, the main results and conclusions.
  • Keywords:  Three to Five most important terms that describe the research  domain and specific problem area where research is carried out.
  • Introduction: This section introduces the research and the problem domain to the reader. It is a brief section usually not more than a page. This section helps the reader in understanding the need for the current research problem.
  • Literature Review: This section includes state of the art work carried out  by the researchers so far,  in the proposed area of investigation.
  • Methods / Approach:  This section  elaborates the approach /methodology followed by the researcher to solve the  problem  specified.
  • Results / Discussion: This section quantifies  the outputs generated in the methodology section.  This section also compares analyzes  the obtained  results with the methods discussed in the Literature Survey.
  • Conclusion: The overview of the methodology followed, results obtained and the relevance of those results are summarized in this section.
  • Future Scope:  This section is  for the researchers who want to take up  the  research in the same problem domain. This section  shows  the  future possibilities and limitations  of the problem domain.
  • Acknowledgment: The authors acknowledge all the people and organizations who have supported for their research work.
  • References:  This section lists all the  research papers cited by the researcher in his Literature review  to carry out his research work.
  • Authors Short Profile: Short  research profiles of all the authors with  photographs form this section.

Below is  a sample Research paper  for your Reference

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