Understanding UGC CARE Journals: A Comprehensive Guide


What is the University Grants Commission (UGC)?

The University Grants Commission of India (UGC India) is the central regulatory authority for higher education in India. Established in 1956 under the UGC Act, the UGC operates under the Ministry of Human Resource Development. Its primary responsibilities include coordinating Indian universities, setting educational standards, and maintaining the quality of higher education across the country. The UGC also recognizes and funds universities and colleges that meet its criteria.

What is UGC CARE?

The Consortium for Academic and Research Ethics (CARE) is an initiative by the UGC to uphold high standards in academic research. UGC CARE monitors and maintains the “UGC-CARE Reference List of Quality Journals,” ensuring journals adhere to rigorous quality standards. This initiative aims to prevent academic misconduct, including plagiarism and promotes ethical academic writing among students, faculty, researchers, and staff.

Importance of UGC and UGC CARE

UGC is the backbone of the Indian education system, ensuring quality and consistency across universities. By establishing standards through UGC UGC-approved universities and the UGC CARE list, it prevents discrepancies and maintains the integrity of higher education. Without UGC, the Indian academic landscape would lack the necessary standards, leading to subpar educational institutions and degrees.

UGC CARE plays a critical role in maintaining the quality of academic journals. Journals not following the UGC CARE standards are considered invalid, ensuring that only high-quality research is published and disseminated.

How UGC CARE Works

UGC CARE’s primary role is to provide funding, set educational standards, and ensure ethical practices in higher education institutions. It also conducts examinations like ICAR NET, UGC NET, and CSIR UGC NET. By bringing all approved universities under a unified framework, UGC ensures consistent educational quality and prevents students from receiving substandard education.

UGC Approved Journals / UGC CARE List

UGC Approved Journals are essential for researchers to publish their work. UGC CARE ensures these journals meet stringent quality criteria. Publishing in a journal outside the UGC CARE list is considered invalid, emphasizing the importance of adhering to these standards.

Viist the link below to find the UGC Approved Journals / UGC CARE List

How to Publish a Paper in a UGC Approved Journal?

To publish in a UGC approved journal, follow these steps:

  1. Submission: Submit your research article in .DOC/.DOCX format via email or online submission. Include the paper’s title, category, author’s name, designation, and contact information.
  2. Preparation: Ensure your paper is in English and formatted correctly. Track your submission status online using your registration ID.
  3. Review: Await acceptance or rejection. If rejected, revise according to the review committee’s feedback.
  4. Publication: Upon acceptance, pay the publication fee and submit all required documents in a single email to the editor.

Structure of the UGC-CARE List

To simplify the search process, the UGC-CARE List is divided into two groups. These groups are not hierarchical or ranked, but serve to categorize journals based on their qualification and indexing:

  1. UGC-CARE List Group I: Journals that have been found qualified through the UGC-CARE protocols.
  2. UGC-CARE List Group II: Journals that are indexed in globally recognized databases.

UGC-CARE List Group I

Group I includes journals that meet specific quality criteria established by UGC-CARE protocols. These journals are thoroughly vetted to ensure they adhere to the standards of academic excellence and ethical publishing practices. The criteria for inclusion focus on the quality of editorial practices, peer review processes, and overall impact on the respective field of study.

UGC CARE List Group II

Group II consists of journals that are indexed in globally recognized databases. This inclusion signifies that the journals have already undergone rigorous evaluation processes by respected indexing agencies. These databases often include major international journal indexes such as Scopus, Web of Science, and others.

Importance of the UGC CARE List

  1. Quality Assurance: Ensures that only high-quality research is published and disseminated.
  2. Prevention of Misconduct: Helps in preventing academic misconduct, including plagiarism, by promoting ethical research practices.
  3. Recognition and Credibility: Provides recognition and credibility to researchers and their work by listing journals that meet high standards.

Updating the UGC-CARE List

The UGC-CARE List is dynamic and is updated quarterly to ensure it reflects the most current and relevant information. The updates occur on the first of January, April, July, and October each year, or on the next working day if these dates fall on a public holiday.

Inclusion of Local Language Journals

UGC CARE acknowledges the importance of regional languages in scholarly communication and includes journals published in various Indian languages. This inclusion supports linguistic diversity and promotes regional research by making it accessible to a broader audience.

How to Access the UGC-CARE List

Researchers can access the UGC-CARE List through the official UGC CARE website. Here’s how to navigate the list:

  1. Visit the UGC CARE website: Access the official portal for UGC CARE.
  2. Navigate to the UGC-CARE List: Find the section dedicated to the UGC-CARE List.
  3. Search and Filter: Use search and filter options to find journals by name, subject, or language.
  4. Check Updates: Be aware of the quarterly updates to ensure you have the latest information.


UGC and UGC CARE are vital for maintaining high standards in Indian higher education and academic research. They ensure universities and journals adhere to rigorous criteria, thereby safeguarding the quality and integrity of education and research in India. By following the guidelines and standards set by UGC CARE, researchers can contribute to the global academic community with credible and impactful work.

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Dr. Vijay Rajpurohit
Author: Dr. Vijay Rajpurohit
Dr. Vijay Rajpurohit is a researcher in Computer Science. He loves to educate researchers and research scholars on Research Paper Writing, Thesis Writing, Research Grants, Patenting Research Work and the latest Research-related issues. You can reach him @ [email protected]