Step by Step Guide to Withdraw Patent Application

patent withdraw

In the dynamic landscape of intellectual property, the journey from patent filing to issuance is often a strategic and evolving process. In some cases, unforeseen circumstances or strategic shifts may prompt the need to reconsider a patent application’s trajectory. Exploring the possibility of withdrawing a patent application becomes crucial in such scenarios.

This blog post delves into the intricacies of withdrawing a patent application—examining the reasons behind such decisions, the steps involved, and the critical considerations that accompany this strategic maneuver. Understanding the nuances of patent withdrawal can empower inventors, businesses, and legal professionals to navigate the complexities of intellectual property with foresight and adaptability.


Patents serve as legal instruments that grant inventors exclusive rights to their inventions, providing a framework for innovation and protection. These documents, issued by government patent offices, offer inventors a period of exclusivity, during which they can commercialize and capitalize on their creations.

Importance of understanding patent withdrawal options

While the patenting process is typically viewed as a linear progression, circumstances may arise where inventors or businesses need to reassess their patent applications. Understanding withdrawal options is crucial in these scenarios, as it provides a mechanism for course correction. Whether due to strategic shifts, discovery of prior art issues, or other considerations, the ability to withdraw a patent application can be a strategic decision that aligns with the dynamic nature of the innovation landscape.

Example: Consider a scenario where a company is in the process of filing a patent application for a groundbreaking technology. Midway through the examination process, the company realizes that a competitor has independently developed a similar technology and filed a patent application earlier. In this case, understanding the withdrawal options becomes vital to reassess the strategy, potentially avoiding unnecessary costs and pivoting the intellectual property approach.

Reasons for Withdrawing a Patent Application

A. Change in invention strategy

Innovation is a dynamic process, and inventors may encounter shifts in their strategic goals during the patent application lifecycle. For instance, a company may initially pursue a broad patent that covers various aspects of a technology. However, as the product development progresses, they might decide to focus on specific features or aspects, necessitating a change in the patent strategy. Withdrawing the initial application allows them to reevaluate and file a new application that aligns more precisely with the refined invention strategy.

B. Discovering prior art issues

The discovery of prior art—existing technologies or inventions similar to the one being patented—can significantly impact the viability of a patent application. If, during the examination process, the patent office identifies relevant prior art that questions the novelty or inventiveness of the invention, inventors may choose to withdraw the application. This decision allows them to address the identified issues, potentially refine the invention, and refile a stronger patent application.

Example: A research team files a patent application for a novel medical device, only to find out later that a research paper published years ago describes a similar device. Realizing the potential impact on the patentability of their invention, the team decides to withdraw the application, conduct further research to enhance the device’s uniqueness, and then file a new application.

C. Business considerations

Business priorities and market dynamics can influence the decision to withdraw a patent application. For instance, a company may decide to pivot its business strategy, discontinue a product line, or enter into partnerships that make certain patents less relevant. In such cases, withdrawing a patent application can align the company’s intellectual property portfolio with its evolving business objectives.

Example: A startup initially files a patent application for a software application. However, due to market shifts and emerging technologies, the company decides to shift its focus to a different product line. To avoid unnecessary costs and maintain a streamlined intellectual property portfolio, the startup chooses to withdraw the initial patent application.

III. How to Withdraw a Patent Application

A. Jurisdiction-specific procedures

Withdrawal procedures vary among different patent jurisdictions, and it’s crucial to adhere to the specific regulations of the relevant patent office. For instance, some offices may allow straightforward voluntary withdrawal, while others may require a formal request with specific documentation. Understanding the intricacies of jurisdiction-specific procedures is essential to ensure a smooth and compliant withdrawal process.

Example: In the United States, the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) provides a procedure for applicants to voluntarily abandon their patent applications by filing a petition for express abandonment. This involves submitting a written request, and understanding such specific procedures is vital for a successful withdrawal.

JurisdictionWithdrawal Procedure
United States (USPTO)File a petition for express abandonment with the USPTO, including a written request.
European Patent Office (EPO)Submit a formal letter to the EPO explaining the withdrawal, along with any necessary supporting documentation.
Japan (JPO)File a written withdrawal request with the Japan Patent Office, adhering to their specified procedures.
China (CNIPA)Follow the CNIPA guidelines for withdrawal, typically involving a formal request and relevant documentation.
India (Indian Patent Office)Submit a request for withdrawal with the Indian Patent Office as per their prescribed procedures.
Australia (IP Australia)Lodge a withdrawal request with IP Australia, adhering to their specified guidelines and documentation requirements.
Jurisdiction-specific procedures for Patent withdrawal process

This is a general overview, and specific requirements can vary within each jurisdiction. Always refer to the official guidelines and regulations of the respective patent office for accurate and up-to-date information.

B. Communicating with the patent office

Effective communication with the patent office is essential when withdrawing a patent application. This involves notifying the office of the withdrawal intention and providing any required documentation promptly. Clear and transparent communication helps streamline the process and ensures that the withdrawal is officially recorded.

Example: A company decides to withdraw a patent application in the European Patent Office (EPO) due to a change in business strategy. They submit a formal letter to the EPO explaining the withdrawal, including any necessary supporting documentation. This open communication facilitates the withdrawal process and helps maintain a positive relationship with the patent office.

C. Possible implications and consequences

Withdrawing a patent application may have various implications, including financial considerations and effects on the overall intellectual property strategy. It’s crucial to assess the potential consequences before making a withdrawal decision, such as losing priority rights or facing limitations on refiling. Understanding these implications allows applicants to make informed decisions aligned with their broader business objectives.

Example: Withdrawing a patent application may result in the loss of fees paid for filing and examination. Additionally, if the invention becomes public knowledge during the application process, it may impact the ability to obtain valid patent protection for the same invention in the future. Considering these implications helps applicants weigh the costs and benefits of withdrawal.

Considerations Before Withdrawing

A. Consultation with a patent attorney

Engaging in thorough discussions with a qualified patent attorney is a crucial step before deciding to withdraw a patent application. Attorneys bring legal expertise and strategic insight, helping applicants understand the implications of withdrawal and exploring potential alternatives. They can assess the overall patent strategy, evaluate the strength of the application, and provide valuable advice on whether withdrawal is the most prudent course of action.

Example: A company is considering withdrawing a patent application due to prior art concerns. Consulting with a patent attorney reveals alternative strategies, such as amending claims or providing additional evidence to overcome challenges, potentially avoiding withdrawal and strengthening the overall patent position.

B. Cost implications

Withdrawing a patent application may have financial ramifications, including the loss of fees paid for filing and examination. Careful consideration of the costs involved is necessary to weigh against the benefits of withdrawal. Evaluating the potential expenses associated with withdrawal and comparing them to the expected value of the granted patent or any future filing is essential for making an informed decision.

Example: A startup facing budget constraints contemplates withdrawing a patent application. After a detailed cost analysis, they discover that the expenses associated with withdrawal are significantly lower than the costs of pursuing the application further. This financial insight helps them make a cost-effective decision aligned with their business priorities.

C. Impact on future patent filings

Withdrawal can impact an applicant’s ability to seek patent protection for the same invention in the future. Understanding the potential consequences on priority rights and the ability to refile is crucial. Applicants need to assess how withdrawal may affect their broader intellectual property strategy, especially if the invention is still of strategic importance to the business.

Example: A research institution withdraws a patent application for a breakthrough technology due to shifting research priorities. They later realize the technology has commercial potential. Understanding the impact of withdrawal, they decide to conduct further research and refile a new application, considering the potential consequences on priority rights.

Case Studies

A. Examples of successful withdrawals

  1. Strategic Pivot:
    • Scenario: A tech company filed a patent application for a software algorithm but later decided to shift its focus to a different industry. They successfully withdrew the initial application, allowing them to reallocate resources and pursue patents in the new strategic direction.
  2. Prior Art Discovery:
    • Scenario: A pharmaceutical firm identified prior art that could jeopardize the validity of their patent application for a new drug formulation. They strategically withdrew the application, invested in additional research, and subsequently filed a stronger application with more robust claims.

B. Lessons learned from unsuccessful attempts

  1. Insufficient Prior Art Research:
    • Scenario: A startup attempted to withdraw a patent application after discovering prior art during the examination process. However, inadequate prior art research led to unsuccessful withdrawal, resulting in a weakened patent position. The lesson learned was the importance of thorough prior art searches before filing.
  2. Lack of Communication:
    • Scenario: A company attempted to withdraw a patent application due to a change in product strategy. However, poor communication with the patent office resulted in delays and complications. The lesson learned emphasized the importance of transparent and timely communication to streamline the withdrawal process.

These case studies highlight the importance of strategic decision-making and effective execution when considering the withdrawal of a patent application. Successful withdrawals often stem from careful planning, adaptability to changing circumstances, and proactive engagement with legal and strategic considerations. Conversely, unsuccessful attempts underscore the need for thorough research, clear communication, and a comprehensive understanding of the implications involved in withdrawal.

Before We Conclude….

Before we conclude, if you’re a patent owner looking to make the most of your intellectual property, we have some valuable resources for you.

If you’re interested in learning more about the practical aspects of patenting, you can explore my article, “Interview with Krishnaja: Patent Agent for Patenting Your Research” ,. For more details on patenting your invention, please vist my blog post on “Understanding Patents a Complete Guide”. Learn about the steps to sell your patent in our detailed guide, “How to Sell my Patent? A Step by Step Guide.”

If you’re considering leveraging your patent for financial opportunities, our article “Can I Mortgage My Patent? Step-by-Step Guide for Researchers” will provide you with insights. Additionally, for a comprehensive understanding of patent monetization, don’t miss “Patent Monetization Made Easy: How to Unlock the Value of Your Intellectual Property.” These resources can help you navigate the various aspects of patent ownership and management. Explore them to maximize the value of your innovation.


In navigating the intricate realm of patent applications, the consideration of withdrawal emerges as a pivotal aspect of strategic decision-making. As we traverse the diverse landscape of innovation, it becomes evident that the ability to adapt and recalibrate patent strategies is paramount. The journey from filing to issuance is dynamic, with twists and turns that may necessitate a reevaluation of the path chosen.

Understanding the reasons for withdrawal, navigating jurisdiction-specific procedures, and meticulously weighing the considerations before such a decisive move are essential elements in this intellectual voyage. Case studies illuminate both successful withdrawals, where strategic pivots and adept responses to challenges led to strengthened patent positions, and unsuccessful attempts, emphasizing the critical lessons learned from setbacks.

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Dr. Vijay Rajpurohit
Author: Dr. Vijay Rajpurohit
Dr. Vijay Rajpurohit is a researcher in Computer Science. He loves to educate researchers and research scholars on Research Paper Writing, Thesis Writing, Research Grants, Patenting Research Work and the latest Research-related issues. You can reach him @ [email protected]