How to Write References for your Research Paper in IEEE Format Easily and Quickly

IEEE Reference Format


When you are writing a research paper, your opinions and ideas certainly get attraction from other researchers who are doing research in the same domain.  If they want to glean the source of your references then your reference section plays a critical role in guiding them to the origin of the references.
 In the context of your work, the reader gets the benefit of the discovery of different ideas from different researchers, who have already explored the same domain.

Before Adding  References to your Research Paper

Whenever you read the material for your writing or research, be sure to include a complete description of the publication of any relevant text you read in the list of references you maintain for the research work you are carrying out.
These particulars should contain:
* Exact Title of the content {specifying as is the capital letters, abbreviations, quotations if they are used in the Title}.
* Name, Surname (s) and Initials (s) of all the writer (s) without omitting any author details.
* If the paper is published in a journal then the name, volume, year, and page numbers of the journal in which the article is published.
* If it is a  News Paper Document, the newspaper Title and the Volume number along with the date
* If it is a Chapter of the Book, then  the Title of the chapter, page numbers,  Editors and Publisher (s) of the book  along with the   year of publication
* If it is a  Book, then the Title of the book,  Editors and Publisher (s) of the book along with the edition and year of publication.

Quoting Sources in a Research paper in the Reference Section

In a research paper,  a Reference Section is a brief reference to the source of published information that will provide sufficient data to allow readers to locate a copy of the source.   The format of the resources included in a reference depends on the format of the material (books, articles, electronic documents, etc.) mentioned.

How to cite a Book Chapter in my Reference Section?

  •  IEEE Style: Book Chapters

Standard format for citation

[#] A. A. Author of Part, “Title of chapter or part,” in Title: Subtitle of book, Edition, Vol., A. Editor, Ed. Place of publication: Publisher, Year, pp. inclusive page numbers.

Example: Chapter in an edited book

[1] A. Harris and M. Stellings, “Insights into the fruit quality assessment using machine learning” in  Sustainable Agriculture, Vol. 60, Agriculture in Information Technology, M.D.Caper, Ed. San Diego: Abc Press, 2018, pp. 130-170.


How to cite a Book in my Reference Section?

  • IEEE Style: Books

a. Authored work:

[#] A. A. Author, Title: Subtitle (in italics), Edition(if not the first), Vol.(if a multivolume work). Place of publication: Publisher, Year, page number(s) (if appropriate).


[5] U. J. Gary,., S. G. WhiteField, Agriculture Processes and Information Technology.San Francisco, United States, Morgan Kaufmann Publishers, 2018.


How to cite a Scientific/Technical Report in my Reference Section?

  •  IEEE Style : Scientific / Technical report

[15] K. E. Bose and C.M. Chan, “A new machine learning methodology for plant pathology”  Agriculture National Laboratory, , San Francisco, United States, Tech. Rep. 516-578-BB, 2018.


How to cite a Patent in my Reference Section?

  • IEEE Style: Patent 

[16] K. Bennet and A. Rodrigues, “Machine learning based object identification method ” U. S. Patent  99,860,040,20 January 14, 2018.


How to cite Conference Papers in my Reference Section?

  •  IEEE Style: Conference Papers

a. Conference Paper in Print Proceedings:

[#] A. Author of  Paper and B. Author of Paper, “Title of paper,” in Title of Published Proceedings: Proceedings of the Title of Conf.: Subtitle of the conference, Month Date, Year, Location, A. Editor and B. Editor, Eds. Place of publication: Publisher, Year. pp. inclusive page numbers.


[1] M. Vijay and K. San, “Machine Learning approach to Liver Cancer Treatment” in Machine Learning Methods in Medicine: Proc. of the 5th Int. Conf. on  Machine Learning Methods in Medicine, ICMLM 2017, Seattle, WA, USA, November 8-12, 2017, J. Hanos, W. Bremen, M. Donald, Eds. Berlin: Springer, 2017. pp. 105-17.

b. Conference Paper from the Internet:

[#] A. Author of  Paper and B. Author of Paper,  “Title of paper,” in Proceedings of the Title of Conf.: Subtitle of the conference, Month Date, Year, Location[Format]. Place of publication: Publisher, Year. Available: Database Name (if appropriate), internet address. [Accessed: date of access].



[3] J. John, “Machine learning approach to Fruit Quality analysis” in Proc. of the 2017 1st Int. Conf. on Advances in Information Technology, AIT 2017, 19-21 April 2017, Kathmandu, Nepal [Online]. Available: IEEE Xplore, [Accessed: 10 Jan. 2018].


c. Conference Proceedings:

[#] A. Editor and B. Editor, Eds., Title of Conf.: Subtitle of the conference, Month Date, Year, Location (optional). Place of publication: Name of  Publisher, Year.


[5] K. M. Folley and M. S. Adams, Eds., Machine learning in Medical Science Technology: Conf. on Medical science and Information Technology, Jan 20-22, 2017, New  Delhi, India: NewAge Academic, 2017.


How to cite Internet Documents in my Reference Section?

  • IEEE Style: Internet Documents

Standard format for citation
[#] A. Author, “Document title,” Webpage name, Source/production information, Date of internet publication. [Format]. Available: internet address. [Accessed: Date of access].


[1] “Impact of FATCA on client on boarding”, 2017. [Online]. Available:  [Accessed: Mar. 24, 2018].
[2] Vijay S Rajpurohit, “How to write Results Section of your Research Paper”,  March 23, 2018. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: March 25, 2018].


How to cite Journal Articles in my Reference Section?

  • IEEE Style: Journal Articles

Standard format for citation

[#] A. A. Author of the article. “Title of article,” Title of Journal, vol. #, no. #, pp. page number/s, Month year.

Journal articles

[2] K.S. Edwin, ” Pomegranate Image Analytics: An analyst Perspective ” IEEE Trans. Data Analytics, vol. 11, pp. 31-43, Feb. 2018.

  •  IEEE Style: E-journals

Standard format for citation

[#] A. Author, “Title of Article,” Title of Journal, vol., no., p. page numbers, month year. [Format]. Available: Database Name (if appropriate), internet address. [Accessed: date of access].


[1] H. Avardo and A. Narian, ” Pomegranate Fruit Image  Segmentation Using  Bayesian Computation,” IEEE Transactions on Image Processing, vol. 11, no. 8, pp. 265-77, 2018. [Online]. Available: IEEE Xplore, [Accessed Jan. 10, 2018].


Frequently Asked Questions

Yes, you can use weblink as a reference in your research paper. While writing reference please add on which date you accessed last. This will be useful as web content keeps on updating by the owner of the website.

What is the best reference software to use when writing a research paper?

Following are the top reference writing software tools when writing a research paper
Article Galaxy Enterprise.
ReadCube Papers.

What is a cross-reference in a research paper?

A cross-reference is a reference to data that is present at another location within the same document.

Is it acceptable to have a research paper with no references?

No, it is not acceptable to have a research paper with no references. You may not have any previous work-related domain yet you need to refer to the works which are similar to your work.

How many references should I include in a research paper?

There is no limitation or restriction on the number of papers to be referenced in a research paper. It may range from at least 10 to a maximum of 20 in a research paper of 20 pages. However, the above numbers are not absolute values and can vary depending upon the judgement of the author.

Vijay Rajpurohit
Author: Vijay Rajpurohit
Vijay Rajpurohit is a researcher in Computer Science. He loves to educate researchers and research scholars on Research Paper Writing, Thesis Writing, Research Grants, Patenting Research Work and the latest Research-related issues. You can reach him @ [email protected]