Art of Writing Conclusion Section to your Research Paper

Conclusion Section


In research paper writing, a well-prepared conclusion can offer the last remark on the significance of the research and future research directions. It is often considered the most difficult part of the research paper writing for the interpretation of paper objectives.


Many times an author may feel that all discussion is already covered in the discussion section and nothing more to write for the conclusion section. Authors should keep in mind that the conclusion is a summary of the entire work; it can be easily remembered by the readers as future research direction in its best form; should be the best part of the research paper.

A good conclusion will greatly increase the purpose of the paper and appeal to the reader.  It must not be drawn from emotions in order to make the paper more appealing to the readers. It must be written in an interesting yet academic manner. Emotional praise is strictly prohibited, but a third-person or commentary on the research domain is acceptable.

The length of the conclusion section of a  research paper may be different. Generally, its length depends on the overall length of the paper. A research paper that is very long,  may require a conclusion that is extended to one or two pages. The conclusion of a research paper that is written for a conference or a journal may need only one or two paragraphs of around 200-300 words.

As you are in the last part of your research paper writing, in a hurry to submit the paper to a journal/ conference do not compromise on the quality of the conclusion as this section will be read by many researchers to find limitations and future directions. Please use a professional grammar-correcting tool and get your article including the conclusion section, proofread by a professional agency.


Essential Features of a Conclusion  Section


Good conclusions that explain the objectives and results of the research work are always precise. Summarize the research paper and provide a brief description of all the results analysis. With this in mind, the tone of the conclusion should match that of the results and analysis. Not at all try to add in new thoughts and do not add new things whilst scripting a conclusion.

I suggest you take the help of some professional tools to summarize your research paper as it can make your tasks simpler.

Help for the Reader’s Memory

The conclusion of a research paper should be captivating and strong enough to attract readers’ attention. Anyone who follows the conclusion has already read the entire paper. Therefore, its conclusion must be strong enough to help readers recall the things described in detail in the paper.

Summary of  the Results

Your conclusion should not at all be independent but must have a straight association with the results of your research paper. Link the final comments with the results of your paper. Briefly highlight the significance of the results and their association with the objectives set at the beginning of the paper. 

For more details on how to write results and the discussion section of your research paper refer to my blog post here.

Comparisons with Other Methods

The conclusion should highlight the strengths and weaknesses of the proposed method with state-of-the-art techniques.

Thoughts on Unexpected  Outcomes

You may come across results which you might have not anticipated. You can share your thoughts on such results and briefly discuss the reasons for such outcomes.


When texting a conclusion for your research effort, it is moreover important to highlight the shortcomings you have faced in conducting your research. These shortcomings can occur in your methods.

However, regardless of the reasons, it is a fact that deficiencies always influence the result analysis. Therefore, specify the shortcomings to make your paper more attractive to new researchers. They will surely be attracted by learning from their shortcomings to perfect their methodology and their findings.

Suggestions for Future Work

It is also essential to attach suggestions for the conclusion. These tips will help in the future work of the researchers in your domain of study.  Remember, most researchers read your abstract and conclusion and decide whether add it to their reference or not. If they add it to their reference then it will increase your citation score. You can refer to my blog post on increasing the citation score of your research paper.

A simple checklist to write a conclusion

  •  Are the objectives of the research paper recollected and addressed?
  •  Have you conveyed the importance and the purpose of the paper  (in terms of social change) to the reader?
  •  Have you avoided presenting new information?
  • Have you summarized the results presented in charts and Tables?
  •  Have you compared the results with state-of-the-art methods?
  • Have you visualized the unexpected outcomes in a new way?
  • Have you suggested future directions to the budding researchers?
  • Have you avoided any emotional appeals being made regarding the domains, software, and hardware associated with the research?
  • Have you checked the grammar and proofread the section?

Example: Conclusion Section of one of My Research Papers:

“An Optimized Fuzzy Based Short Term Object Motion Prediction for Real-Life Robot Navigation Environment”

In a dynamic navigation system, a Robot with vision capabilities has to avoid stationary and moving objects to reach the final destination. Short Term motion prediction for moving objects in such an environment is a challenging problem.

This paper has proposed a simplified approach for predicting the future position of a moving object using Fuzzy Inference Rules derived from expert knowledge. Fuzzy-based prediction is more flexible and can have more real-life parameters, comparable to the existing approaches.

The results of the study indicate that the Fuzzy predictor algorithm with Mean of Maximum(MOM) defuzzification gives better performance when compared with other prediction techniques. This approach looks more promising for real-life applications like developing Robotic wheelchair for the old aged and disabled.

The authors are in the process of further optimizing the rule base and improving the response time of the predictor. The proposed approach considers the Robot as temporarily stationary while capturing the moving object’s position. Future work considers both the Robot and objects in the state of motion while capturing object positions from the Robot.



The conclusion section gives the overall review of the paper. It highlights the aims and objectives of the paper and throws light on the methodology, results and analysis.  This section will help a researcher to identify the limitations of the work carried out and the future directions one can think of.

After writing the conclusion section you need to write the references in a proper format. For this, you can refer to my blog post on writing references in IEEE format.

Frequently Asked Questions


Is there a difference between the results and conclusion section of a research paper?

The results section highlights the results in the form of tables, graphs and charts without reasoning the implications. It can span from 1000-3000 words. The conclusion section gives a brief summary of the overall work carried out in terms of the main objective of the paper; the methodology used; the results obtained; the limitations and the future directions in 200-300 words.

What is the difference between the summary and the conclusion?

A summary is usually written to summarize a section or a paragraph. The summary can appear in any section of a research paper summarizing the concerned sections to which it belongs. However, the conclusion is written at the end of the research paper to describe the work carried out; the limitations: and the future directions.

Vijay Rajpurohit
Author: Vijay Rajpurohit
Vijay Rajpurohit is a researcher in Computer Science. He loves to educate researchers and research scholars on Research Paper Writing, Thesis Writing, Research Grants, Patenting Research Work and the latest Research-related issues. You can reach him @ [email protected]